Note: All Scripture quotations found in this article are from the text of the Authorized King James Version of the Bible.
Jesus Christ was fully God and fully man. When He was on this earth He had both attributes of God and humanity. The fact that Jesus was fully God shows the deity of Christ. Scripture makes it more than clear that Jesus was God in the flesh.
1 Timothy 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.”
Jesus Christ was also the second member of the Godhead. Many witnesses in scripture prove the deity of Christ to be true, such as God the Father, John the Baptist, Peter, John and even Satan and the devils. To give you one verse, here is a verse wrote by John concerning the deity of Christ.
1 John 5:20 “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.”
Jesus is called the Son of God. There are many sons of God in scripture, but Jesus Christ is the only begotten Son.
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”
The new versions pervert the deity of Christ in the above verse when they take out the word “begotten”. Below is the same verse in the NIV (Nutty Idiots Version).
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” NIV
Jesus Christ claims the name “I am” in the New Testament, just like God the Father did in the Old Testament. This also shows the deity of Christ.
John 8:58 “Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.”
Exodus 3:14 “And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.”
Jesus Christ is also called the Word by John. The below scriptures that deal with the Word (Jesus) show the deity of Christ, the Incarnation and also His position in the Trinity.
John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
John 1:14 “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”
1 John 5:7 “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.”
Many things in scripture prove His deity, such as His attributes, His works and the fact that He was worshipped by angels and men. Also, notice how Thomas calls Jesus, his Lord and God.
Hebrews 1:6 “And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.”
John 20:28 “And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.”
Jesus is equal to the Father according to the next two verses.
John 10:30 “I and my Father are one.”
Philippians 2:6 “Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:”
The Lord Jesus Christ was born of a virgin woman, named Mary. Mary was the mother of Jesus’ humanity, but she was not the Mother of God as the Catholics believe. Mary was a sinner and had other children after her FIRST born, Jesus according to Luke 1:47; 2:22, Matthew 1:25 and Matthew 13:55-56. The virgin birth does not elevate Mary; rather it elevates Jesus, who was God in the flesh. Remember the wise men came to worship Him, not Mary.
Quick Fact: Contrary to popular tradition, the wise men came to see Jesus around a year after the events in Luke 2:1-38. The wise men were not with the shepherds at the manager when Jesus was born. The wise men show up when He is a "young child", not a babe and in a "house" instead of a manger (Luke 2:16). This is clear by comparing Matthew 2:8-11 with Luke 2:15-16. Most Nativity scenes you see are wrong.
In the below verse we see the virgin birth and deity of Christ.
Matthew 1:23 “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.”
The humanity of Jesus is shown by how He hungered, thirsted, grew tired and wept. These instances are found in Matthew 4:2, John 19:28, John 4:6 and John 11:35. His death also shows His humanity, but it was necessary because it was appointed by God and was the atonement for sin.
Romans 5:11 “And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.”
Jesus Christ was fully human, yet lived without sin. While He was on the cross, He bore our sin, so we would have a chance at salvation.
2 Corinthians 5:21 “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
Jesus Christ was able to sin (peccable), but did not sin any in His life. In Matthew 4:1-10, Satan tempted Jesus Christ to sin. Satan, even though evil--is not stupid (Ezek. 28:3). He would not have tempted Jesus if it was impossible for Jesus to sin. If Jesus was not able to sin than verses like Hebrews 4:15 and 1 Corinthians 10:13 mean nothing. Isaiah 7:15 shows that Christ refused evil and chose good.
Hebrews 4:15 "For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin."
1 Corinthians 10:13 "There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it."
Isaiah 7:15 "Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good."
Catholics usually have Jesus Christ still on the cross, but that is not the end of the story. Jesus was raised on the third day by the power of God. The resurrection of Christ proved the existence of God, the deity of Christ and proved that all men will be judged according to Acts 17:31. The evidences of the resurrection include the empty tomb (Matthew 28:6), the eye witnesses (1 Corinthians 15:1-8), the change in the lives of the disciples afterwards, the grave clothes and the testimony of all of the Saints, even still today.
The below verse shows that the resurrection of Jesus Christ could be proven in COURT because there were more than 500 eye witnesses!
1 Corinthians 15:6 “After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.”
Regardless of what John MacArthur, the TULIP Sniffer (Calvinist) says, there is POWER in the precious BLOOD of the Lord Jesus Christ. What do we have through the Blood? Redemption (Ephesians 1:7), Forgiveness of Sins (Colossians 1:14), Justification (Romans 5:9), Sanctification (Hebrews 10:10), Cleansing (1 John 1:7), Peace (Colossians 1:20), and Victory (Revelation 12:11)!
I will stop there, even though there is much more to cover. Most people know all about this subject, but it is still good for Christians to constantly study about who Jesus Christ truly is according to scriptures. If the student of the word of God faithfully does this, it will help him understand how great Jesus is and how worthless, he, the sinner is compared to the Lord.